The CCC's annual report to Parliament warns that the "continued growth in the use of Energy from Waste (EfW) plants is undermining efforts to reduce emissions within the waste sector."
The committee stress the need to limit the growth of the EfW sector, which, according to a report by Tolvik consulting, will reach 18% in EfW capacity by 2027, based on plants currently under construction.
The figures for EfW emissions outlined in the government's Carbon Budget Delivery Plan (CBDP) have already been surpassed, causing the committee to urge for "a comprehensive systems approach to control and reduce EfW emissions...including a moratorium on additional EfW capacity until a review of capacity".
The document outlines several recommendations to government including the need to:
Implement a whole-systems approach to address Energy from Waste (EfW) emissions, including setting out the implications of rising EfW use for waste decarbonisation and confirming plans to include EfW within the UK ETS. A moratorium on additional EfW capacity should be introduced subject to a review of capacity needs and how they align with Government emissions pathways. Further clarity is also needed on how decisions on allowing further EfW plants will be made.
The Climate Change Committee (CCC) is an independent, statutory body established under the Climate Change Act 2008. Our purpose is to advise the UK and devolved governments on emissions targets and to report to Parliament on progress made in reducing greenhouse gas emissions and preparing for and adapting to the impacts of climate change.